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Children’s Teeth - What every parent should know.

We like to see children in our office by the age of three, so that we can anticipate the development of their overall bite and dental development prior to the emergence of the permanent teeth.

At this young age, it's quite simple to recognize and take steps to prevent potential future problems. The first time we meet them, it's to introduce ourselves and to make them comfortable with our team and the new surroundings. We usually recommend that you bring your child with you to your check and cleaning as an introduction. Then on their first real visit, we treat them gently and with special care, ensuring their experience is positive and non-threatening. Of course, if your toddler accidentally chips or knocks a tooth, you should let us know right away. As well, if you notice any staining or discoloration that causes you concern - we would be happy to see them.

Tooth Development

Your child's first set of teeth are called "primary teeth". These teeth are more important than most people realize. Healthy primary teeth assist in children's chewing abilities and speech development. They also act as "space savers" in the jaw for the positioning of permanent teeth. Maintaining the health of their primary teeth may reduce the need for future orthodontic work. Most importantly, a strong, beautiful smile helps your child to develop good self-esteem.

Potential Problems and Solutions

  • Baby Bottle Tooth Decay
    Infants and young children often suffer what is known as "Baby Bottle" tooth decay. This occurs when sugary liquids such as milk, formula or fruit juices are exposed to the teeth for long periods of time. When asleep saliva decreases. This allows these sugars to pool around the teeth. The mouth's bacteria uses these sugars to create acids that damage teeth. Your child's teeth should be checked on a regular basis for any brown spots which may mark the onset of tooth decay. Regular brushing should start with the first tooth but is also a good idea to clean your child's gums with a washcloth after feeding even before the first tooth appears. To avoid baby bottle decay, do not let your child sleep with a bottle. If you feel a bottle is necessary, fill it with water.
  • Thumb Sucking
    In most cases thumb sucking is not harmful and most children will outgrow it by the age of 5. It becomes a problem when it is allowed to continue while permanent teeth are developing. The jawbone in children under the age of 8 is still soft and pliable. Thumb sucking can reshape the jaw and cause mis-alignment. Upper teeth will flare outwards while lower teeth are forced inwards. After age 5 children should be encouraged to stop their thumb sucking. If a child is having difficulty quitting, you may want to set up a rewards program for each time or day that they do not suck their thumb. Praise is always a good reward. If you are still having difficulty, Riverstone Dental Clinic can place an appliance in your child's mouth that should end the thumb sucking within days.

Other Considerations

Good dental hygiene and health in the early years will help a child develop a positive relationship with Riverstone Dental Clinic and may avoid extensive dental work in the future. To avoid any negativity associated with tooth decay, in addition to proper brushing and dental cleanings you may want to consider "Sealants".

  • Sealants
    A Sealant is a tooth colored, acrylic-like material that bonds with the tooth to help shield out the decay causing bacteria. They are a safe, painless and low cost way to protect your child's teeth. They are usually applied to molars since the pits and fissures of the molars are the most likely locations for cavities. Sealants should be applied when the first permanent molars (6-7 years) appear and again when the second permanent molars (11-13 years) appear. They need to be applied before the decay process begins. In cases where there is a high risk of tooth decay, sealants may be applied to primary molars as well. Since primary teeth are "space-savers" for future permanent teeth, losing them to tooth decay may cause future orthodontic problems.
  • Orthodontics
    Crowded, crooked or mis-aligned teeth can cause problems with speech, tooth decay, joints, gum disease and / or may cause teeth to be chipped or lost. It is generally recommended that children have an orthodontic assessment by the age of 7. (Riverstone Dental Clinic notes potential problems on every check up). Since the jaw bone is still soft and pliable up until the age of 8, early assessments allow for corrections in alignment which may be much more difficult to correct later.